Winston marriages 1574-1797

377 marriages at Winston St. Andrew in the district of Teesdale, from the beginning of the first register in June 1574 to the end of 1797. These met up with our existing collection, which previously started in 1798, so we now have marriages here from 1574 to mid-1837.

No marriages are recorded in the register between 23 Nov 1619 and 27 Nov 1631, and there is no explanation for this in the register. There are also numerous single years in which no marriages were recorded, which is not terribly surprising as Winston was a fairly small parish.

Abodes mentioned besides Winston include Barford, Barnard Castle, Cockfield, Darlington, Forcet, Gainford, Newsham, St. Andrew Auckland, Staindrop, Westholm, Whorlton, and Wycliff, with some of these being across the border in Yorkshire.

Sample marriages:

  • 18 Jun 1574 Michaell Morton married Alice Pearson
  • 5 Jun 1700 Lancelot Croft, of ye parish of Masham in ye county of York married Margaret Emmerson, of Winston
  • 13 May 1753 Matthias Deighton, of ys parish [this parish] married Mary Darnton, of ys parish [this parish]
  • 16 Apr 1796 George Wheatley, of Caldwell, in the parish of St John, Stanwix, Yorks married Margaret Moss, of Osmond Croft, in this parish, by licence
    Witnesses: Matthew Wheatley, John Wade

Note that “ys” and “ye” should be pronounced “this” and “the”, because the first character is not really a “y”. In 16th and 17th century printing and writing, a “y” was used to represent the ancient “thorn” character, which in turn represented the “th” sound. Literate people of that era knew to pronounce “ye” as “the” without giving it any thought; modern folks often err by saying it as “yee”. We considered transcribing these words as “this” and “the”, but that felt like too much modification of the record, plus we find “ys” and “ye” lend a nice old-fashioned air, so we left it “the way it looks” and added annotations for “ys”, which is not as familiar to most people as “ye”.

Bishopwearmouth Cemetery burials 1925-1929

6,964 burials covering 1925-1929 at Bishopwearmouth Cemetery in Bishopwearmouth, civil district of Sunderland, county of Durham. Abodes mentioned besides street addresses in Bishopwearmouth include Fulwell, Newcastle, Ryhope, South Hylton, and Southwick.

Because these are cemetery records rather than church burials, there is usually either an occupation, parent, or spouse listed in the record, and sometimes the cause of death. Here are some samples:

  • 1 Jan 1925 Edward Swift, age: 63, shoemaker, died at the Poor Law Institution
  • 12 Feb 1927 Alice Hindmarch, of 4 Back Hopper Street, age: 15, daughter of James Hindmarch
  • 20 Oct 1928 John Cuthbert Frame, age: 57, labourer, killed on the railway at Grangetown
  • 31 Dec 1929 Elizabeth Ann Lawson, of 16 Plantation Road, age: 60, wife of Hodgson Lawson

Marriage licence allegations (bonds) 1831-1837

3,337 marriage licence allegations, commonly known as marriage bonds, filed in the Diocese of Durham between the beginning of 1831 and the end of 1837. The allegation is a request for a licence to marry, containing a formal statement made by the groom (or sometimes the bride) that there is no impediment to prevent the marriage from taking place. (For example, the groom is not already married to someone else, and is not too closely related to the bride.)

Marriage allegations often provide ages, occupations, and place of residence for the bride and groom, and sometimes the name of a parent or guardian of a minor, during the period before 1 July 1837 when marriage registers did not provide that information. It can be very useful to find a marriage allegation like the samples below, supplying ages or family relationships:

  • 3 Apr 1831 George Wood (bachelor, clerk curate of Ingram, M.A.), age 21 and upwards, of Ingram, Northumberland obtained a licence to marry Barbara Wealleans (spinster), age 21 and upwards, of Alwinton, Northumberland, directed to Alwinton
  • 16 Jul 1833 John Bulmer (widower), age 50 and upwards, of North Biddick, Washington obtained a licence to marry Margaret Cornforth (spinster), age 40 and upwards, of Bishopwearmouth, directed to Bishopwearmouth
  • 26 Nov 1836 William Wren (bachelor, grocer), age under 21, of Stockton-upon-Tees, son of Thomas Wren (miller, of Stockton, consents to the marriage), obtained a licence to marry Elizabeth Mills (spinster), age under 21, of Stockton, daughter of Thomas Mills (grocer, of Stockton, consents to the marriage), directed to Stockton

Keep in mind that an age of “21 and upwards” means the person could be well over 21; they are simply stating that they are of legal age to marry without parental consent. Even a stated age of “21” does not necessarily mean the groom or bride was exactly 21; in many cases, where we have corroborated a person’s age with other records, it seems to have been shorthand for “21 and upwards”.

Marriage bonds cover the entire Diocese of Durham i.e. Durham, Northumberland, North Yorkshire, and the part of Cumberland around Alston. There are a few licences in our collection that were issued by the Diocese of York. Because bonds cover the whole diocese, there is no way to limit your search of bonds to a single district. If you select a district from the District menu, your selection will be ignored when the marriage bonds database is searched. Please read the Marriage Bonds section of the Transcription Samples page for a more complete description of what information is found in bonds, allegations, and associated documents, and how we present that information.

Longhorsley baptisms & burials 1769-1837, marriages 1791-1837

At Longhorsley St. Helen in the district of Morpeth, county of Northumberland:

  • 1,459 baptisms covering 1769-1837, including the wonderful detail-rich period of 1798-1812
  • 1,145 burials covering 1769-1837 – ditto for useful details
  • 231 marriages covering 1791-1837

Abodes mentioned besides the parish of Longhorsley include Abshields, Acton, Alnwick, Bedlington, Berry Hill, Black Callerton, Black Pool, Brinkburn, Cat-nook, Causey Park, Causey Park Bridge, Chevington, Chirm, Choppington, Coat Walls, Doe-hill, Earsdon, East Moor, Edlingham, Espley, Felton, Fenrother, Field-head, Font Green, Framlington, Gallow Shaw, Garret Lee, Gate-house, Gosforth, Gowk Hall, Hare Dean, Harelaw, Hartburn, Headlaw Wood or Hedley Wood, Hebburn, Helm on the hill, Heron’s Close, Higler, Hill-head, Horsley Bricks, Horsley Lane, Lambert Hill, Langshaws or Longshaws, Lime-kiln Field, Lincolm and Lincolm Field, Linden, Long Dyke, Longframlington, Mitford, Moor-hen, Morpeth, Netherwitton, Newcastle, Ogle, Park Head, Paxton Dean, Pigden, Ponteland, Rothbury, Ruffell, Rufflaw, Shawdon Wood House, Shilbottle, Shot Haugh, Small-burn, Southerd Edge, Stannington, Stanton, Thristley-haugh, Titlington, Todburn, Trewitt-lee, Tritlington, Tynemouth, Warkworth, West Moor, Whelmley Burn, Whittingham, Wingates, Witton Shields, Woodhorn, and Wreigh-hill.

In the baptisms, mothers are not listed until 1772, and then only sporadically until 1798 when they become regularly listed:

  • 20 Jan 1769 Matthew Softley, of Wingates, son of Thomas Softley
  • 12 Feb 1787 James Fraser, of Trewitly, son of Alexander Fraser, P [private baptism]
  • 25 Jun 1798 George Leighton, of Longhorsley, born 7 Feb, 1st son of Joseph Leighton (labourer) & Mary Tate (native of Embleton parish near Alnwick)
  • 25 Dec 1812 Ann Orange, 3rd daughter of James Orange (labourer, native of Earsdon parish) & Isabella Wanlass (native of Netherwitton parish)
  • 17 Jul 1825 Mary Ann Casley, of Moor-hen, daughter of Thomas (pitman) & Barbara Casley
  • 17 Oct 1837 Eleanor Ann Greason, of Longhorsley, daughter of George (carpenter) & Sarah Greason

Sample marriages:

  • 29 Nov 1791 George Usher, of Gosforth parish married Mary Aynsley, of this parish, by licence
    Witnesses: William Aynsley, James Ramsay
  • 13 Mar 1830 William Caseley (bachelor), of this parish married Ann Tweedy (spinster), of Whalton parish, by banns
    Witnesses: Thomas Caseley, John Potts Reed

Sample burials:

  • 1 Apr 1769 Jane Sproat, of Berry Hill, daughter of Henry Sproat
  • 13 Oct 1786 Elizabeth Bell, of Todburn, wife of Andrew Bell
  • 12 Dec 1804 Mary Edmondson, of Small-burn, age: 60, died 10 Dec, wife of J. Edmondson, dropped down dead upon the road near Muckley of an apoplexy
  • 17 Apr 1810 Barbara Patterson, of Longhorsley, age: 28, died 15 Apr, daughter of Robert Patterson (shoemaker) & Isabella Tully
  • 6 Jan 1815 Barbara Armstrong, of Morpeth, age: 104
  • 22 Oct 1837 William Ogg, of Longhorsley, age: 93

Durham St. Nicholas burials 1540-1731

6,899 burials at St. Nicholas in the city of Durham, from the start of the first extant register in September 1540 to early March 1731, which takes us up to the set of burials that we already had online for this church.

Three notations in the register record the start and finish of the plague in 1597. A note in May 1597 reads: “The great visitation in Durham did begin this year at this time”. The second note, after the end of the June entries, reads: “These following are the names of those that dyed in the visitation being in the Parish of St Nicholas in Durham”. The final note on page 106, before the entry of 17 July 1597 reads: “All these from Gilbert Smethers died in the visitation & were buried as aforesaid”.  Between the end of June and November, a total of 176 burials are recorded. The burial facilities were subject to strain, as evidenced by the entries indicating where people were buried: St Nicholas temple & churchyard; St Thomas Chapel; St Bartholomew Chapel, and on the moor.
Sample burials:
  • 20 Feb 1541 Michael Eland, sonne of Robert Eland
  • 29 Jul 1593 John Ingram, was hanged at Gateshead for treason
  • 17 Sep 1597 George Burdell, fuller, [buried on the] moore
  • 29 Aug 1599 Bryan Gant, with Francis Culley were hanged & buried post templum St. Nicholaii [St. Nicholas church]
  • 21 Aug 1603 Barbara Walton, wife of Hugh Walton (draper)
  • 27 Apr 1644 Grace Kirklie, wife of Thomas Kirklie (cordiner)
  • 11 Aug 1692 Thomazin Kirton, wife of Christopher Kirton, died in child bedd
  • 25 Sep 1715 Michael Shipley, an upholster
  • 14 Feb 1717 Mary Turner, daughter of Anne Turner, bastard
  • 4 Jan 1731 George Airson, son of Christopher Airson

Bishopwearmouth Cemetery burials 1915-1924

15,908 burials at Bishopwearmouth Cemetery in Bishopwearmouth, Sunderland district, covering 1915-1924. Abodes mentioned, besides street addresses in Bishopwearmouth, included Deptford, Fulwell, Newcastle, South Hylton, and Southwick.

Because these are cemetery records rather than church burials, there is usually either an occupation, parent, or spouse listed in the record, and sometimes the cause of death.Here are some samples:

  • 2 Jan 1915 Sarah Hannah Matthews, of 9 Chatsworth Street, age: 67, widow of Alfred Matthews
  • 13 Jun 1916 John Isherwood, of 86 Queen’s Crescent, age: 75, gentleman
  • 26 Mar 1917 Mary Levy, of 6 Oxford Street, age: 17, daughter of David Levy
  • 4 Jul 1918 John William Brew, of [blank abode], age: 44, soldier, died at the Jeffery Hall Hospital, Monk Street
  • 13 Sep 1919 David Ramsey, of 34 John Candlish Road, age: 81, brass finisher
  • 12 Jun 1920 Charles Gilmore Walker, of [blank abode], age: 32, turner, drowned off Marsden
  • 7 Mar 1922 Jane Hedley Scott, of 40 Mordey Street, age: 59, wife of George Scott
  • 20 Nov 1924 Margaret Lavelle, of [blank abode], age: 62, daughter of Patrick Lavelle, died at the Poor Law Institution

Of interest in this latest block is the influenza (‘Spanish flu’) pandemic of 1918-19 which killed tens of millions worldwide. You can read more about this in Wikipedia. Locally, the first wave of what appeared to be a quite normal form of influenza hit Sunderland in July and may have given at least a partial resistance to the second wave of the now-mutated and far more deadly disease which arrived at the end of November and stayed for about a month, only to reappear again in February. Look at the surges in burials:

  • Sep 1918: 116
  • Oct 1918: 115
  • Nov 1918: 218 — epidemic arrived near the end of Nov, so the death rate started rising and peaked in the following month
  • Dec 1918: 409
  • Jan 1919: 199
  • Feb 1919: 200
  • Mar 1919: 248
  • Apr 1919: 110

There was barely time to celebrate the end of the Great War on Armistice Day (11 Nov) before the epidemic arrived. Sadly, many soldiers, weakened by malnutrition, other diseases, and the stresses of war, succumbed to the flu and died in hospital in 1919, several months after the war had finished.

There was also this interesting burial, which we didn’t put online because it doesn’t have any searchable names, but I thought it was worth noting here:

  • 21 Apr 1923  Approximately 200 human remains from the Friends Burial Ground in Garden Street

Seaham Harbour St. John marriages 1882-1949 updated

3,475 marriages at Seaham Harbour St. John, spanning 1882 to 1949, were updated with the missing abodes, ages, occupations, and witnesses. We also found 2 marriages we’d missed the first time around, and corrected several errors.

Here is what these marriages looked like before the update:

  • 22 Jul 1944 John Carr, son of William Carr (deceased), married Ellen Mapp (widow), daughter of James Thurgood
  • 12 Sep 1929 Joseph Summersgill, son of Joseph Henry Summersgill (deceased), married Sarah Hannah Ferry, daughter of John Ferry (deceased)
  • 25 Mar 1918 Henry Naisbett, son of Richard Naisbett, married Rebecca Heeler (widow), daughter of Thomas Smith
  • 17 Sep 1882 Richard Merritt, son of Richard Merritt, married Ann Shields (widow), daughter of John Moses

See how much richer in detail these are after the update:

  • 22 Jul 1944 John Carr (widower, colliery official), age 77, of 17 Frank Avenue, son of William Carr (anchorsmith, deceased), married Ellen Mapp (widow), age 75, of 43 Tess Road, Fleetville, St.Albans, daughter of James Thurgood (bailiff)
    Witnesses: William Carr, Emily Carr
  • 12 Sep 1929 Joseph Summersgill (widower, librarian), age 75, of 2 Orminde St., Sunderland, son of Joseph Henry Summersgill (black dyer, deceased), married Sarah Hannah Ferry (spinster), age 56, of 21 James St., daughter of John Ferry (foreman platelayer, deceased)
    Witnesses: Robert Ferry, Aline Ferry
  • 25 Mar 1918 Henry Naisbitt (bachelor, munitions worker, on military service), age 19, of The Drill Hall, Seaham Harbour, son of Richard Naisbitt (labourer), married Rebecca Heeler (widow), age 24, of 20 Back South Railway Street, Seaham Harbour, daughter of Thomas Smith (miner)
    Witnesses: Leslie Gill, Barbara Fitch
  • 17 Sep 1882 Richard Merritt (widower, colliery banksman), age 60, of Murton Colliery, son of Richard Merritt (farmer), married Ann Shields (widow), age 54, of Green Street, Seaham Harbour, daughter of John Moses (labourer)
    Witnesses: Ellen Harrison, William Fletcher

If you have purchased a marriage at Seaham Harbour St. John in this period, you should review it to see if any information was added or changed. Log in, click My Account, then click the My Orders tab to see your purchases. If a significant change was made, such as a name or date, you have already been emailed.

We are working our way through our Easington district marriage collection, one parish at a time, adding the information that was omitted when these were first transcribed many years ago.

Whitley Chapel (Hexham) baptisms & burials 1843-1874

637 baptisms and 541 burials covering 1843-1874 at Whitley Chapel (St. Helen) near Hexham in Hexham district, Northumberland, from the Bishop’s Transcript. Whitley Chapel was originally a chapelry in the ancient parish of Hexham, but it became a separate parish in 1763, with its church dedicated to St. Helen.

Contrary to the custom of the time, the clerk (and later, vicar), William Sisson, recorded the maiden surnames of the mothers in baptisms – hurray! He also recorded the child’s birth order until the end of 1846 and sporadically after that.

Sample baptisms:

  • 14 May 1843 Thomas Dodd, of Dotland, 4th son of John Dodd (woodman) & Margaret late Milburn
  • 27 Feb 1850 Frances Atchison, of Wagtail, daughter of Margaret Atchison (single woman)
  • 5 Jul 1863 Robert Maughan, of Dalton, son of Mark Maughan (licensed victualler) & Mary late Grierson
  • 7 Apr 1874 Philip Milburn, of Dalton, son of John Milburn (cordwainer) & Margaret late Thirlwall

Sample burials:

  • 29 Jan 1844 Isabella Errington, of Low Ardley, age: 77, died at Stella, Parish of Ryton
  • 11 Oct 1853 Andrew Thorburn, of Shotley Bridge, age: 93
  • 5 Oct 1866 Elizabeth Harrison, of Holly Bush Close, age: 88
  • 7 Dec 1874 Sarah Farbridge, of The Lee, age: 86

This was a small farming community, and the abodes recorded are mostly individual farmsteads, including Ardley, Aydon Shields, Black Hall, Blackhall Mill, Broadwell House, Burnt Ridge, Channel Well, Chapel House, Dalton, Dipton Mill, Dotland, Dotland Fell House, Dotland Park, Dukesfield Hall and Dukesfield Mill, Dyehouse, Earthly Mires, Edes Bush, Embley, Fine Chambers, Foggett, Gairshield, Gingleshaugh, Greenways, Grouse House, Hackford, Harwood Shield, Heathery Burn, Heathery Haugh, Hesley Well, Hexham, High Eshells, High Juniper, High Lillswood, High Park House, High Staples, Hill House, Holly Bush Close, Hope, Houtley, Intack, Juniper, Lawning or Loaning House, Lea Grange or Lee Grange, Lee Moore House, Lightside, Lillswood, Litherage/Litterish/Litterage/Litharge, Loadman, Long Lee, Low Ardley, Low Eshells, Low Holmes, Low Stosfold, Middle Dukesfield, Mire House, Mire Meadows, Mollersteads, Moss House, Newbiggin, Newbiggin Hope, Nunsbrough, Old Bridge End, Ordley, Oxen Roads, Park House, Peth Foot, Peth Head, Raw Green, Riddleham Hope, Rowley Head, Salmon Field, Smelting Syke, Spittal Shield, Steel or The Steel, Steel Hall, Stobby Lee, Stotsfold, Tenter House, The Heigh, The Holmes, The Lee, The Staples, Turf House, Viewley, Wagtail, Walley, Walley Thorn, Westburnhope, White Hall, Whitley Chapel School, Whitley Mill, Winter House, Woodside, Wooley, and some locations in County Durham such as Lanchester, Satley, and Winlaton. The most unusual place mentioned was Truckee in the state of California (USA).

South Shields St. Hilda baptisms 1851-1867

6,992 baptisms at South Shields St. Hilda, from a combination of the Bishop’s Transcript and the parish register.

Most of these families lived in South Shields, but a fairly large number were from across the river at Tynemouth, Northumberland. Since this was a busy port and shipbuilding area, a large percentage of these fathers are mariners, shipwrights, block & mast makers, blacksmiths, ironmongers, joiners, sailmakers, and associated trades. There was also a thriving glass industry, with glass blowers, glass cutters, glass flatteners, glass makers, and glass dealers. In 1859, we found Thomas Henderson, who appeared at first to be a “bacon taster”, which we thought sounded like a pretty good job (unless you’re vegetarian), but on closer examination of the chicken-scratch handwriting, he proved to be a “bacon factor” (dealer).

As with the previous data set from this church, we found a higher-than-usual  level of errors in the register, which we have annotated as we have spotted them.


  • 24 Jan 1851 Adam Burn Matthews [Matthewson], of South Shields, born 30 Dec 1850, son of Adam (commercial traveller) & Margaret Matthews [Matthewson]
    [Note: this surname is Mathewson in the GRO birth index and Matthewson in other baptisms to these parents.]
  • 12 Oct 1855 Charles Henry Wrenford, of South Shields, born 15 Sep, son of Edwin otherwise Edwin Charles Wrenford (Curate of St. Hilda) & Sarah
  • 15 Dec 1861 George William Harven [Irvin], of South Shields, born 25 Nov, son of James (mariner) & Margaret Harven [Irvin], note: the surname here appears to have been “Irvin”, as stated by the mother – T.H. Chester, Vicar
  • 25 Sep 1864 Elizabeth Collandy [Conalty], of South Shields, born 11 Sep, child of Richard (mariner) & Mary Collandy [Conalty]
    [Note: Conalty in the GRO birth index (4th qtr 1864) and in other baptisms to these parents.]
  • 30 Jun 1867 Ann Isabella Lovely [Lobley], of South Shields, born 16 May, child of Robert (master mariner) & Isabella Lovely [Lobley]

South Shields St. Hilda baptisms 1842-1850

4,078 baptisms at South Shields St. Hilda from 1 July 1842 (where our last release left off) to the end of 1850, from a combination of the Bishop’s Transcript and the parish register. Work continues on this giant parish!

Nearly all of these families resided in South Shields, but also mentioned were East Boldon, Harton, Howdon, Howdon Pans, Jarrow, London, Newcastle, North Shields, Percy Main, Temple Town, and Westoe.

Nearly all of these baptisms give the child’s birth date. Here are some samples:

  • 1 Jul 1842 James Russell Stratford, of South Shields, born 7 Jun, son of John Stratford (master mariner) & Mary Branston Stratford
  • 9 Feb 1845 Isabella Rennison Guest, of South Shields, born 10 Jan, daughter of Peveral (grocer) & Eleanor Guest
  • 1 Dec 1850 Jane Ann Peacock, of South Shields, born 4 Nov, daughter of Jonathan (shoemaker) & Margaret Peacock