Castle Eden Village and Colliery

Castle Eden Village and Colliery

St James, Castle Eden

Available Parish Registers at Durham Record Office

St. James, Castle Eden, Baptisms 1694-1919
St. James, Castle Eden, Marriages 1698-1974
St. James, Castle Eden, Burials 1698-1912

Population changes in the 19th. Century were:

1801 1811 1821 1831 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901
Castle Eden 362 257 281 260 558 491 535 693 880 1257 1354

The above census records for 1841-1901 are transcribed and available on this site.

Castle Eden village has never had a direct connection with coalmining. It has always been an agricultural village with very ancient roots. Castle Eden Colliery (c. 1840-93) was actually a mile away and situated in the sub-district of ‘Monk Hesleden’, not Castle Eden. Castle Eden village did occasionally take in overspills of miners from its humble namesake in the 19th century, as the census returns testify.

The parish registers began in 1694 in the reigns of the co-monarchs William III & Mary II, but the original church dated back much earlier than this. By 1750, the dawn of the modern era, the start of the Age of the Machine, little was left of the mediaeval manor granted to one Robert de Brus (ancestor of the King of Scots) at the time of the Norman Conquest. In 1756 Joseph Brandling, a wealthy Gosforth coalmine owner, married Mary Thompson and built Shotton Hall as their home. Two years later Rowland Burdon, a wealthy merchant banker, purchased Castle Eden manor and estate. His son married Brandling’s daughter so that eventually both estates passed to the Burdon family. Each successive male heir to the Burdon estates was also called Rowland and designated a kind of regnal number. This first owner of Castle Eden was Rowland III. The decrepit and ancient (Norman ?) St. James Church was rebuilt by him in 1764 shortly after he bought the manor. The ‘castle’ at Castle Eden was also rebuilt by the Burdons in the 18th. Century. Rowland IV constructed the Sunderland to Stockton turnpike which ran through the village. He also built the first cast iron bridge over the Wear at Sunderland and some surplus iron from this went to make the gates of the new village church. His son Rowland V added two aisles. Rowland VII, a flying ace, was killed in the Great War. His father, Rowland 6, the last of the direct male line, died in 1944.

Another notable Castle Eden family were the Nimmos, brewers and farmers. They established their brewery early in the 19th. Century and were present in the village until they sold out to the giant Whitbread company in the early 1960s. Now (1998) the brewery itself is under threat of closure. Below you will find the census entries for the Burdon and Nimmo families in the 19th. Century. The ‘N’ in the 1841 entries indicates that a person was not born in County Durham:

Castle Eden 1841 Census, ‘Castle Eden’
Cotsforth Burdon, 65, Ind, N
Frances B, 35
John B, 25, Clergyman
Mary B, 30
Mary Bowes, 60, Ind
Elizabeth Stuart, 60, Female Servant, N
Elizabeth Master or Muster, 20, Female Servant
Hannah Dawson, 40, Female Servant
Sarah Dawson, 30, Female Servant
Ann Nightingale, 20, Female Servant, N
Jane Smith, 35, Female Servant
James Taylor, 20, Male Servant, N
George Sparkes (??), 20, Male Servant
[unclear] Hilliard, aged above 20, Ind, N (Female)
Unknown male, 15, Male Servant, N
Unknown female, aged above 20, Female Servant, N

Castle Eden 1851 Census, Castle Eden Cottage
Cotford Burdon, Head of Household, Widowed, 77, Landed Proprietor, East India (British Subject)
Frances B, Daughter, 46, Spinster, Castle Eden
Mary Cotford B, Daughter, 43, Spinster, do
Caroline Boulley, Visitor, Widowed, 55, Landed Proprietor, do
Ann Wallace, Female Servant, 35, Holton, Northumberland
Hannah Dawson, Female Servant, 50, do
Isabella Douglas, Female Servant, 19, Long Benton
Margaret Davison, Female Servant, 26, Crossgate, Durham
Sarah Taylor, Female Servant, 27, York
Ann Locke, Female Servant, 36, Middle Stow, Somerset
John Robinson, Male Servant, 37, Stanton, Yorkshire
George Sparks, Male Servant, Married, 30, Darlington

Castle Eden 1851 Census, Castle Eden
Rowland Burdon, Head of Household, Married, 48, Justice of the Peace, Landlord & Farmer of 360 acres employing 23 labourers, Castle Eden
Ann M, B, Wife, Married, 41, Bath, Somerset
Harriet Lauder, Female Servant, 39, do
Harriet Eve, Female Servant, 53, do
Sarah Dawson, Female Servant, 46, Castle Eden
Isabella Graham, Female Servant, 29, Lanercost Abbey, Cumberland
Mary Craggs, Female Servant, 15, Monk Hesleden
Rachel Wood, Female Servant, 21, Alnmouth, Northumberland
Charles Randall, Male Servant, 27, London
John Pile, Male Servant, 27, Sedgefield

Castle Eden 1861 Census, The Castle
Rowland Burdon, Head of Household, married, 58, Chairman of Quarter Sessions & Land Proprietor, Castle Eden
Ann M. B, wife, married, 51, Bath, Somerset
George Hardy, Male Servant, 26, Groom, Mattersea, Notts
Sarah A. Coxon, Female Servant, 39, Housekeeper, Sunderland
Margaret Simpson, Female Servant, 29, Cook, Embleton, Northumberland
Harriet Walker, Female Servant, 32, Laundrymaid, Darlington
Mary Douglas, Female Servant, 32, Housemaid, Elsdon, Northumberland
Hannah King, Female Servant, 27, Dairymaid, Great Ayton, Yorkshire
Ann Jameson, Female Servant, 18, Kitchen Maid, West Herrington

Castle Eden 1861 Census, Castle Lodge
William Laidlaw, Head of Household, married, 34, Gardener, Scotland
Isabel(la) L, wife, married, 38, Lanercost, Cumberland
William L, son, 2, Castle Eden

Castle Eden 1861 Census, The Cottage
Frances Burdon, Head of Household, 56, Castle Eden
Mary C, Sister, 53, do
Francis Stephenson, Male Servant, 17, Page, Greatham
Margaret Wheatley, Female Servant, 40, Ladies Maid, Chester-le-Street
Mary Murray, Female Servant, 36, Cook, Scotland
Hannah Dawson, Female Servant, 62, Housemaid, Castle Eden
Catherine Stewart, Female Servant, 27, Laundrymaid, Scotland
Catherine Watson, Female Servant, 15, Kitchenmaid, do

Castle Eden 1871 Census, The Castle
Rowland Burdon, Head of Household, Married, 68, Magistrate & Landowner, London
Ann Malet B, Wife, Married, 61, Bath, Somerset
Edward Hopper, Male Servant, 25, Coachman, Forrest (??), Yorkshire
Ann Roberts, Female Servant, 37, Housekeeper, Bledlow, Bucks
Jane Darling, Female Servant, 33, Cook, Craster, Northumberland
Margaret Yeoman, Female Servant, 28, Housemaid, Bambrough, Northumberland
Sarah Johnson, Female Servant, 27, Laundrymaid, East Thurston, Northumberland
Martha Tate, Female Servant, 23, Kitchenmaid, Eglingham, Northumberland

Castle Eden 1881 Census, The Castle
John Burdon, Head of Household, Widowed, 69, Clergyman, Castle Eden
Rowland B, Son, 23, English Bicknor, Glos
Elizabeth Ann B, Daughter, 29, do
Mary Edwards, Female Servant, Housekeeper and Cook, Widowed, 66, Penge (??), HerThomas
Sarah Stewart Ogle, Female Servant, Ladies Maid, 22, Kelstone, Somerset
Marianne Telford, Female Servant, 28, Parlour Maid, Ireland
Dorothy Anderson, Female Servant, 25, Housemaid, Easington
Elizabeth Bowes, Female Servant, Laundrymaid, 23, Guisborough
Elizabeth Ann Taylor, Female Servant, 19, Dairymaid, Monk Hesleden
Ann Cowley, Female Servant, 18, Under Housemaid, Easington
Ann Hudd or Hood, Female Servant, 16, Kitchenmaid, Ferryhill
Harry Waite, Male Servant, 32, Groom, Elsdon
William Keen, Male Servant, 15, Pageboy, English Bicknor, Glos

Castle Eden 1881 Census, The Cottage
Mary Cotsford Burdon, Head of Household, 72, Castle Eden
Agnes King, Companion, 36, Newbury, Berks
Margaret Shepherd, Female Servant, 34, Kelloe
Dorothy Shepherd, Female Servant, 32, Thornley
Elizabeth Hindmarch, Female Servant, 24, Parlourmaid, Alnwick
Sarah Taylor, Female Servant, 22, Dairymaid, Thornley
Robert Corner, Male Servant, 17, Houseboy, Sheraton

Castle Eden 1881 Census, The Village, Parklands
Ann Maler Burdon, Head of Household, Widowed, 71, Bath, Somerset
Ann Roberts, Female Servant, 47, Housekeeper, Bledlow, Bucks
Jane Darling, Female Servant, 43, Cook, Craster, Northumberland
Elizabeth Saunders, Female Servant, 24, Laundryman, Ormesby, Yorkshire
Elizabeth Evans (??), Female Servant, 30, Housemaid, Scotland
Mary Laing, Female Servant, 19, Housemaid, West Hartlepool
Isabel(la) Darling, Female Servant, 19, Kitchenmaid, Amble
William Slater, Male Servant, 20, Under Butler, Castle Eden

Castle Eden 1891 Census, Castle Eden Hall
John Burdon, Head of Household, Widowed, 79, J.P., Own Means, Castle Eden
Elizabeth Ann B, Daughter, 39, English Bicknor, Glos
Jane Millicent Bethune, Visitor, 20, St. Andrew’s, Scotland
Charlotte Davis, Female Servant, 40, Cook, Wolverhampton, Staffs
Emma Dorsch, Female Servant, 26, Ladies Maid, Hamburg, Germany
Emma Dickinson, Female Servant, 30, Waiting Maid, Malton, Yorkshire
Mary Coates, Female Servant, 27, Laundrymaid, Staveley, Yorkshire
Jane Horner, Female Servant, 27, Housemaid, Coldbridge, Yorkshire
Fanny Coop, Female Servant, 21, Kitchenmaid, Hampton, Middx
Mary Carson, Female Servant, 22, Dairymaid, Kirkcudbright, Scotland
Henrietta Palmer, Female Servant, 18, Housemaid, South Hetton
Frances Price, Female Servant, 17, Scullerymaid, Newtown, Montgomeryshire
John William Nesham or Neasham, Male Servant, 24, Footman, Arkengarthdale, Yorkshire
Frederick Hook, Male Servant, 27, Groom, Warsop, Notts

Castle Eden 1891 Census, Parkland
Rowland Burdon, Head of Household, Married, 33, J.P., Own Means, English Bicknor, Glos
Mary Arundel B, Wife, Married, 25, Chester Square, London SW
Frances Mary B, Daughter, 1 (??), Chichester St., London SW
Olive Slade, Sister-in-law, 20, St. George’s Square, London SW
Jane Dobson, Female Servant, 29, Cook, Hagg House
Grace Alice Nicholls, Female Servant, 26, Nurse, Buckingham Palace Richard., London SW
Mary Smith, Female Servant, Widowed, Cook, 53, St. Oswald’s, Cornwall
Kate Robinson, Female Servant, 21, Parlourmaid, Lumley
Christine Burnedd or Burnett, Female Servant, 23, Housemaid, Aberdeen, Scotland
Lily Palmer, Female Servant, 15, Kitchenmaid, South Hetton
Eliza Howard, Female Servant, 27, Lady’s Maid, Islington, Middx
Arthur Fiddling, Male Servant, 22, Coachman, Otley, Yorkshire

Castle Eden 1841 Census, ‘Castle Eden’
John Nimmo, 40, Brewer
Mary N, 35
William N, 13
Anne N, 12
Mary N, 10
Elizabeth N, 8
George N, 7
Margaret N, 5
Isabella N, 4 months
Hannah Harding, 15, Female Servant
Elizabeth Blades or Black (???), 15, Female Servant

Castle Eden 1851 Census, Castle Eden
John Nimmo, Head of Household, Widowed, 50, Brewer & Farmer of 200 acres, Shotton
William N, Son, 23, Road Surveyor, Castle Eden
Ann N, Daughter, 21, do
Mary n, Daughter, 20, do
George N, Son, 17, do
Margaret N, Daughter, 15, do
Sibilla N, Daughter, 10, Scholar, do
Maria Jane N, Daughter, 8, Scholar, do
Eleanor N, Daughter, 6, Scholar, do
Ann Dixon, Female Servant, 19, Witton

Castle Eden 1861 Census, Wellfield
George Nimmo, Head of Household, 26, Castle Eden
Elizabeth N, Sister, 28, Housekeeper, do
Isabel(la) N, Sister, 20, do
Thomas Smith, Male Servant, 17, Ferryhill

Castle Eden 1861 Census, The Grange
John Nimmo, Head of Household, married, 60, Farmer, Shotton
Dorothy J. N, wife, married, 49, Barking, Middx
Mary Parnaby, daughter, married, 30, Castle Eden
Maria J. Nimmo, daughter, 18, do
Sarah J. Delaney, Female Servant, 19, Easington
William Smith, Male Servant, 12, Agricultural Labourer, Hett

Castle Eden 1861 Census, The Brewery
William Nimmo, Head of Household, married, 33, Brewer, Castle Eden
Ann N, wife, married, 31, Girsby, Yorkshire
George N, son, 8, Scholar, Castle Eden
Elizabeth N, daughter, 4, do
Margaret N, daughter, 2, do
Ann Aldersson, Mother-in-law, widowed, 62, Appleton Wiske
Ann Robinson, Female Servant, 17, Easington
Sarah Shepherd, Female Servant, 16, Nursemaid, Kelloe

Castle Eden 1871 Census, Brewery
William Nimmo, Head of Household, Married, 43, Brewer, Wine & Spirit Dealer, Castle Eden
Ann N, Wife, Married, 41, Guisby or Guiseley, Yorkshire
Eleanor N, Daughter, 9, Scholar, Castle Eden
William J.N, Son, 1, do
Mary G. Gordon, Female Servant, 22, Governess, Scotland
Sarah Shepherd, Female Servant, 25, Cook, Kelloe
Margaret Shepherd, Female Servant, 23, Nurse, do
Dorothy Shepherd, Female Servant, 21, Laundrymaid, Thornley

Castle Eden 1881 Census, The Village, The Brewery
William Nimmo, Head of Household, Married, 53, Brewer, Maltster, Spirit Dealer & Farmer of 520 acres, Castle Eden
Anne N, Wife, Married, 51, Ginsby, Yorkshire
Eleanor N, Daughter, 19, Castle Eden
Wilhelmina N, Daughter, 17, do
Harriet Brown, Female Servant, 20, Maid, Brancepeth
Sarah Knox, Female Servant, 19, Housemaid, Wingate
Sarah Ellen Waldon, Female Servant, 22, Cook, Iveston

Castle Eden 1881 Census, The Village, The Brewery
Humphrey Johnson, Head of Household, Married, 31, Gardener, Crake Hall, Yorkshire
Alice J, Wife, Married, 29, Hawthorn
Elizabeth Ellen J, Daughter, 4, Siksworth
Thomas James J, Son, 11 month, Castle Eden

Castle Eden 1881 Census, The Village, The Brewery, Beech Grove
George Alderson Nimmo, Head of Household, Married, 28, Brewery & Farm Manager, Castle Eden
Mary Stafford N, Wife, Married, 31, New Seaham
John N, Son, 4, Castle Eden
William N, Son, 3, do
Ellen Mary N, Daughter, 2, do
George N, Son, 3 months, do
Mary Parks, Female Servant, 21, Cook, Birmingham, Warwicks
Isabel(la) Lowery, Female Servant, 23, Housemaid, West Rainton
Elizabeth Burns, Female Servant, 23, Nurse Hartlepool

Castle Eden 1891 Census, The Village, The Brewery
William Nimmo, Head of Household, Married, 63, Brewer, Spirit Dealer & Farmer, Castle Eden
Annie N, Wife, Married, 61, Guiseley(?), Yorkshire
William John N, Son, 21, Engineer, Castle Eden
Alice Dunnington, Female Servant, 18, Burneston or Burnester, Yorkshire
Margaret Taylor, Female Servant, 25, Belford, Northumberland
Ann Scott, Female Servant, 27, Seaham Harbour

— by Tony Whitehead